Workshop 2 Project Summary

The workshop explored in depth the nature of freedom and constraint in the creative process in digital fine art from the perspective of embodied mind. The aims and objectives of the workshop were to bring into visibility critical insights into the creative process, thereby potentially empowering digital artists.

Twenty-five people from a wide range of art institutions and practice attended the workshop. The event was much appreciated for the opportunity it provided for people to meet and exchange ideas, present work, and discuss issues. A group of this size and make up was very conducive to lively debate and discussion. The workshop was considered to be very successful by those attending.

Papers presented in the workshop, and the discussion, showed that:

In the use of technology in the process of making art many unexpected effects can occur. These can be critical to the creative process, enhancing freedom of choice. In turn, however, choice can be tyrannical, if it is not embedded in constraints, which may originate from the individual, group, and society.

Advanced technology is leading to the emergence of a tacit digital creative practice and a nurturing environment.
Dynamic interactive techniques enable the viewer to have an active role in creating or changing the art object.

In line with new conceptions of what it is to be a human being in the world, and how we come to understand things and act in innovatory and creative ways, the workshop emphasised that creative thought can be largely unconscious. Also, that creativity involves the interaction of thought, the body, techniques and materials. The importance of bringing tacit knowledge into visibility was recognised. The work of the presenters, and the discussion, contributed to this ongoing endeavour. The workshop paper (Haworth et al) produced for the C&C 05 Conference Proceedings amplifies some of the above.

Key points identified for further investigation included:

Extended papers by the presenters, and by others, have been produced, and can be downloaded from this website. The papers, and information about the workshop, will be put onto a CD, which will be readily available by e-mailing your postal address to John Haworth at